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The Leasehold Reform (Ground Rent) Act 2022 – What you need to know


Author: Abbey Englefield-Stangroom


Norwich couple purchasing a property

Leasehold Reform (Ground Rent) Act 2022

Today, the Leasehold Reform (Ground Rent) Act 2022 (‘the Act’) has come into force. Its effect will mean that ground rent for qualifying long residential leasehold properties in England and Wales will be limited to a ‘peppercorn’. The Government has described this as “…part of the most significant changes to property law in a generation” and has also stated that it “firmly believes that the Act’s provision will lead to fairer, more transparent homeownership for thousands of future leaseholders.” In this article, property specialist, Abbey Englefield-Stangroom reviews what you need to know about the Act and the changes it brings.

What is Leasehold?

Leasehold property is where you own the property but not the land on which it is built, as opposed to Freehold property whereby you own the property and the land it stands on. For example, flat owners are leaseholders (tenants/lessees) who own their individual flat but do not own the building or the land on which the building stands upon. That is owned by the Freeholder (landlord/lessor).

What is Ground Rent?

Ground Rent is the fee that is paid under a Lease to the Freeholder who owns the land the building is on.

What is a ‘Peppercorn’ in legal terms?

A ‘peppercorn’ in terms of a Leasehold Property basically means that the Ground Rent payable is low or nominal.

What is a Long Lease?

  • A lease granted for longer than 21 years
  • A lease granted for a fixed-term under a grant with a covenant or obligation for perpetual renewal
  • A lease taking effect under section 149(6) of the Law of Property Act 1925 (lease terminable after a death, marriage or civil partnership.

What is the effect of the Act?

The Act looks to reduce the ground rent on new long residential leases, effectively to nothing, to limit leaseholders (and even lenders who may take possession of a property after default) from being subjected to escalating ground rents.

Excepted Leases

The Act does apply to the following types of leases where different rules apply:-

  • Business Leases
  • Statutory lease extensions
  • Community housing leases
  • Home finance plan leases

Enforcement & sanctions for non-compliance

If Landlords do not comply with the provisions of the Act in relation to Ground Rent restrictions, then trading standards authorities have the power to impose financial penalties for Landlords ranging from £500 - £30,000 per Lease.

A tenant or landlord of a qualifying lease can also apply to the relevant tribunal for a declaration confirming that a term in the lease, reserving prohibited ground rent, is replaced with ‘peppercorn’ ground rent.

Administration Charges

The Act also amended Schedule 11 of the Commonhold and Leasehold Reform Act 2002 to ensure no administration charges in relation to the collection of ground rent that is restricted under the Act. A tenant can apply to the relevant tribunal to determine whether an administration charge is payable.

What to do next?

If you are looking to purchase a leasehold or freehold property, contact Abbey Englefield-Stangroom of the property team at Hatch Brenner who would be happy to help, email abbeyenglefield@hatchbrenner.co.uk or call 01603 674 527.

Abbey Englefield-Stangroom

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